Dr. Xiaojun Zhang (张霄军) was an academic staff and researcher at high education institutes in China, Ireland and UK after he obtained his PhD degree in computational linguistics in 2008. He was a lecturer in translation and interpreting studies and a joint programme director at University of Stirling, UK, before he joined XJTLU as the subject leader in translation technology in 2018. He is the deputy chairman of Translation Technology Education Society affiliated to WITTA (World Interpreting and Translation Teaching Association) and member of professional conduct committee of Association of Computational Linguistics (ACL). he is the scientific members for the top conferences in natural language processing such as LREC, CWMT, CCL, EMNLP and AACL. He is the peer-reviewer for international and national journals. His research interesting covers translation technology, natural language processing and practical translation.
PhD, Nanjing Normal University - 2008
2020.09 -Present Assistant Professor in Translation and Interpreting Studies, Department of Translation and Interpreting, XJTLU, China
2018.09 – 2020.09 Lecturer in Translation and Interpreting Studies, Department of English, XJTLU, China
2016.04 – 2018.09 Lecturer in Translation and Interpreting Studies, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, University of Stirling, UK
2013.07 – 2016.04 Postdoctoral Researcher in Machine Translation, ADAPT/CNGL Centre, School of Computing, Dublin City University, Ireland
2006.04 – 2013.07 Head of Translation and Interpreting Studies Centre, School of Foreign Languages, Shaanxi Normal University, China
Natural Language Processing
Xiaojun Zhang. 2022. Multimodal Human Interaction in Videoconference Interpreting. Current Trends in Translation and Learning E. forthcoming.
Xiaojun Zhang, Lu Shao. 2021. The Ethics of Machine Translation. Chinese Social Science Diagest. (6):68-69. (张霄军，邵璐. 2021. 基于工程伦理的机器翻译系统基本原则. 中国社会科学文摘. 第6期，68-69)
Lei Shen, Xiaojun Zhang. 2021. Metaphor: Embodied Cognition and Discourse. Journal of Literature and Art Studies. 11(3): 985-988
Xiaojun Zhang, Lu Shao. 2021. The Principles of Reliable Machine Translation. Foreign Literary.37 (1):1-8. (张霄军，邵璐. 2021. 可信赖机器翻译系统的基本原则——一种基于工程伦理的观点. 外国语文. 37(1):1-8.)
Hui Wang, Xiaojun Zhang. 2019. Review of Mitkov (2018) Multiword Units in Machine Translation and Translation Technology. Babel. 65(5): 735-740.
Longyue Wang, Zhaopeng Tu, Xiaojun Zhang, Siyou Liu, Hang Li, Andy Way, Qun Liu. 2017. A Novel and Robust Approach for Pro-Drop Language Translation. Machine Translation. 31(1-2): 65-87.
Xiaojun Zhang. 2016. Semi-automatic Simultaneous Interpreting Quality Evaluation. International Journal on Natural Language Computing. 5(5):1-12.
Xiaojun Zhang. 2016. Automatic Translation of Chinese Pinyin Names. Chinese Terminology. 18(6): 13-16. (张霄军. 2016. 中文音译规范化的自动实现. 中国科技术语. 18(6): 13-16. )
Xiaojun Zhang, Qun Liu. 2015. Review of the 14th MT Summit. Journal of Chinese Information Processing. 29(1): 203-206. (张霄军，刘群. 2015. 第十四届机器翻译峰会综述. 中文信息学报，29(1)：203-206.)
Xiaojun Zhang (Trans.). 2015. In Memory of Charles Fillmore. Translator. 2(1):85-88. ( 张霄军（译）. 2015. 悼念挚友和伟大的语言学家查尔斯?菲尔墨. 翻译论丛. 2（1）:85-88)
Xiaojun Zhang, Ruixue Zhang. 2015. Ten Principles of Transalation. Cross-studies of LAnguages and Cultures. (8): 160-169. (张霄军，张瑞雪. 2015. 浅谈十条. 跨语言文化研究（第8辑）. 北京：中国社会科学出版社. 160-167.)
Xiaojun Zhang. 2014. Statistical Natural Language Processing. Machine Translation. 28(3):155-158.
Xiaojun Zhang. 2014. Language Policy and Identity Construction: The dynamics of Cameroon's multilingualism. Language in Society. 43(2): 258-259.
Xiaojun Zhang. 2020. A Review of Discourse-level Machine Translation. Proceedings of the 2nd International Workshop on Discourse Processing (IWDP 2020). 4-12.
Yue Hu, Jiahao Qin, Zemeiqi Chen, Jingshi Zhou and Xiaojun Zhang. 2020. Comparison of the Effects of Attention Mechanism on Translation Tasks of Different Lengths of Ambiguous Words. Proceedings of the 2nd International Workshop on Discourse Processing (IWDP 2020). 18-21.
Siyou Liu, Xiaojun Zhang. 2020. Corpora for Document-level Neural Machine Translation. Proceedings of 12th edition of the Language Resources and Evaluation Conference (LREC2020). Online. Marseílle, France. 3775–3781.
Longyue Wang, Xiaojun Zhang, Zhaopeng Tu, Qun Liu, Hang Li. 2016. Dropped Pronoun Generation for Dialogue Machine Translation. Proceedings of the 41st IEEE International Conference on Acoustics, Speech and Signal Processing (ICASSP 2016). Shanghai, China. 20-25 March. 6110-6114
Longyue Wang, Xiaojun Zhang, Andy Way, Qun Liu. 2016. The Automatic Construction of Discourse Corpus for Dialogue Translation. Proceedings of the 10th edition of the Language Resources and Evaluation Conference (LREC2016). 23-28 May. Portoro?, Slovenia. 2748-2754
Xiaojun Zhang. 2016. Active Interaction Protocol in CAT System. The Future of Asia-Pacific Translation and Interpreting, Proceedings of the Eighth Asia-Pacific Translation and Interpreting Forum (APTIF8). 2-16
Longyue Wang, Zhaopeng Tu, Xiaojun Zhang, Andy Way, Hang Li, Qun Liu. 2016. A Novel Approach for Dropped Pronoun Translation. Proceedings of the 15th Annual Conference of the North American Chapter of the Association for Computational Linguistics: Human Language Technologies (NAACL HLT 2016). 983-993.
Xiaojun Zhang. 2015. The Changing Face of Conference Interpreting. New Horizon of Translation and Interpreting Studies (Proceedings of AITEI7), Malaga, Spain. 29-31 Jan. 255-263.
Longyue Wang, Chris Hokamp, Tsuyoshi Okita, Xiaojun Zhang, Qun Liu. 2015. The DCU Discourse Parser for Connective, Argument Identification and Explicit Sense Classification. Proceedings of CONLL2015: The SIGNLL Conference on Computational Natural Language Learning. Beijing, China. 30-31 July. 89-94
Xiaojun Zhang, Longyue Wang, Qun Liu. 2015. Automatic Analysis and Modelling for Dialogue Translation Based on Parallel Corpus. Proceedings of the Eighth International Corpus Linguistics Conference (CL2015), Lancaster, UK. 442-443.
Xiaojun Zhang. 2014. Integrative, Interactive and Intelligent Machine Translation of Global Content. Man vs. Machine? The Future of Translators, Interpreters and Terminologists (Proceedings of FIT XXth World Congress). Berlin: BD? Fachverlag, 101-109.
Jian Zhang, Xiaofeng Wu, Ergun Bicici, Iacer Calixto, Ali Hosseinzadeh Vahid, Xiaojun Zhang, Andy Way, Qun Liu. 2014. Experiments in Medical Translation Shared Task at WMT 2014. Proceedings of the Ninth Workshop on Statistical Machine Translation, Baltimore, USA, 260-265.
Xiaojun Zhang, Qun Liu. 2013. The Statistic Distance Measures for Dialectometry: A Pilot Study of GIC Processing. Proceedings of International Conference on Phonetics of the Languages in China (ICPLC-2013). 87-90.
Xiaojun Zhang, Wen Lai, Hao Zong, Manzhi Yang. 2022. Multilingual Machine Translation (Chapter 7). White Book of Chinese Artificial Intelligence. CAAI. 213-219. (张霄军，赖文，宗浩，杨曼芝. 2022. 第7章 多语种机器翻译. 中国人工智能系列白皮书——多语种智能信息处理. 中国人工智能学会. 213-229.)
Qun Liu, Xiaojun Zhang. 2023. Machine Translation General (Chapter 5). The Routledge Encyclopaedia of Translation Technology (the 2nd Edition). Oxford: Routledge Taylor & Francis Group Ltd. Forthcoming.
Xiaojun Zhang. 2021. Machine Translation Problems at Discourse Level: Pro-Drop Language and Large-Context Machine Translation (Chapter 10). Empirical Studies in Translation and Interpreting: The Post-structuralist Approach. Oxford: Routledge Taylor & Francis Group Ltd. 198-216.
Qun Liu, Xiaojun Zhang. 2014. Chapter 5: Machine Translation General. The Routledge Encyclopaedia of Translation Technology. Oxford: Routledge Taylor & Francis Group Ltd. 105-119
Xiaojun Zhang. 2022. Low-resource Translation on the Languaes in "Belt and Road" Countries, Workshop on Civilzation and Translation. 27 November. Xi'an, China.
Xiaojun Zhang. 2022. Computational Thinking in Translation Education, Translation and interpreting pedagogy in a post-pandemic world: new opportunities and challenges (APTIS 2022), 18-19 November, Leeds, UK
Xiaojun Zhang. 2022. Interpreting Confucianism in Chinese Philosophical Context, The 10th Asia-Pacific Translation and Interpreting Forum (APTIF10), 24-26 June, Beijing, China.
Xiaojun Zhang, Jing Zhang. 2021.Translation as a Profession in the Digital Age. The Workshop on Translation and Interpreting in the Digital Age and the Annual Meeting of WITTA TTES 2021, 19-20 June, Suzhou, China.
Xiaojun Zhang. 2020. Translator's Identities in Literary Translation: Dong Leshan and Red Star Over China. The 4th Jiangnan Conference on China Studies on 30 October, 2020, XJTLU, Suzhou (on-line), China.
Xiaojun Zhang. 2020. Technical Translation and Technical Translation Teaching. China Technical Communication Forum 2020 on 28 December, 2020, Beijing (on-line), China
Ran Zhao, Xiaojun Zhang. 2020. Will Machine Surpass Human Translation in Culture-bound Texts?. Proceedings of The 1st Conference on Computer-Assistant Literary Translation (CALT2020). Postponed, Swansea, UK.
Xiaojun Zhang, Jingshi Zhou. 2019. A Review of Discourse Analysis Research in Machine Translation. International Conference on Translation Education (ICTE2019), Shenzhen, China.
Xiaojun Zhang. Machine Translation for Conversational Texts. 2016. The 7th China-Scotland Signal and Image Processing Research Academy Workshop (SIPRA 2016), 24 - 26 April, Wuxi, China.
Xiaojun Zhang. 2015. It’s funny ‘cause it’s true: Chinese Segmentation and Machine Translation. New Horizons in Translation Technology, Kong Hong, China.
Xiaojun Zhang. 2015. The Changing Face of Conference Interpreting. Proceedings of AIETI7. Malaga, Spain, 29-31 Jan.
Xiaojun Zhang. 2013. I am NOT a game, I am MT: A Journey of Machine Translation. 5th Annual Conference of the Asian Studies Ireland Association (ASIA2013). Dublin, Ireland, 15-16 Nov.
Xiaojun Zhang, Jing Wen. 2012. Pay and Gain: TEC Fifteen Years On, Corpus Technology and Applied Linguistics International Conference. Suzhou, China.
Xiaojun Zhang. 2011. Faster, Cheaper, Better: A Prospect of Cloud Translating，UK 2011 China Forum. London, UK.
2022.01 - 2022.12 New Liberal Arts in Joint Delivery Education University, Foreign Education Research Committee of Jiangsu Higher Education Association, Principal Investigation
2021.07 - 2021.09 Translating Rail Transit Station Names in China. XJTLU Summer Undergraduates Research Funding. Supervisor. ?9,250
2021.06 Translation and Interpreting in the Digital Age. XJTLU Academic Event Funding. Organiser. ?10,000
2021.05 - 2022.05 INTEC: Interpreting and new technologies, Vice-Rectorate for Research and Knowledge Transfer of the University of Malaga, Researcher, 4,000
2021.09 - 2025.09 VIP II: Voice-text integrated system for interpreters. Spanish Ministry of Science and Innovation. Researcher, 60,500
2020.01-2021.12 Roger T. Ames’ Intrepretation and Translation Approaches of Traditional Chinese Cultural Concepts. XJTLU China Outside Project Small Grant. Principal Investigator, ?10,000
2019.01-2021.12 Discourse Analysis for Machine Translation, Key Research Funding of XJTLU, Principal Investigator, ?200,000
2016.12-2020.12 VIP: Voice-text integrated system for interpreters, Spanish Ministry Education Funding; Researcher; 360,000
2015.10-2018.12 Discourse Analysis Technology in Dialogue Machine Translation, The Open Project Program of Guangdong University of Foreign Studies; Principle Investigator; ?50,000
2015.01-2016.12 Anaphor Resolution in Dialogue Machine Translation, The Open Project Program of the National Laboratory of Pattern Recognition(NLPR) of China; Principal Investigator; ?50,000
2015.01-2015.12 Dialogue Translation, DCU-HUAWEI Joint Research Project; Team-leader; 100,000
2012.01-2014.12 Modern Translation Technology Study, National Social Science Funding China; Principal Investigator; ?100,000
2009.01-2012.12 Cross-language Text Copy Detection, National Funding Science China; Co-Principal Investigator; ?30,000
Professional service activities
10/2022 Coordinator of Joint Project with SIP, China
06/2021 Co-organiser of The Workshop on Translation and Interpreting in the Digital Age and the WITTA TTES Annual Meeting 2021, China
12/2020 Co-Chair of the Second International Workshop on Discourse Processing (IWDP2020), China
12/2020 Programme Committee Member of the 1st Conference of the Asia-Pacific Chapter of the Association for Computational Linguistics and the 9th International Joint Conference on Natural Language Processing (AACL-IJCNLP 2020), China
08/2019 – Scientific member of Conference of Computational Linguistics (CCL2019/2020/2021)
08/2017 – Scientific member of Chinese Workshop on Machine Translation (CWMT2017/2018/2019/2020/2021)
07/2016 – Scientific member of Language Resource & Evaluation Conference (LREC2016/2017/2018/2019/2020/2021)
12/2019- Coach of Chinese Team on International Olympiad of Linguistics (IOL)
08/2019 Tutor of Corpus Technology Applied in Translation, Guangzhou, China
07/2019 Tutor of Information Technology Applied in Electric Power Translation, Changsha, China
TRI204 Technical Translation
TRI301 FYP in Translation
ENG417 Translation and Technology
ENG210 Technical Translation
LAN003 How Language Works
08/2021 - Member of China Computer Federation (CCF)
03/2021- Member of Professional Conduct Committee (PCC) of the Association for Computational Linguistics (ACL)
06/2021- Member of Chinese Association of Artificial Intelligence (CAAI)
06/2021-06/2024 Deputy Director of Translation Technology Education Society affiliated to World Interpreting and Translation Training Association
06/2018 – 06/2021 Deputy Director of Translation Technology Education Society affiliated to World Interpreting and Translation Teaching Associate (WITTA)
06/2015 – Member of Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)
06/2013 – Director of Shaanxi Translation Association, China
06/2013 – Member of European Association of Machine Translation (EAMT)
12/2010 – Member of Association of Computational Linguistics (ACL)